How Temperature Controller Works

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Single controller functions just the same way between the most complicated and the simplest one. The omron temperature controllers control or retain a vector or parameter having a fixed value. The controller requires two variables: the real input signal, and the target value. The input signal is often regarded as the cycle value. The sensor data is measured several times a second depending on the instrument.

The meaning is proportional to the sum of the setpoint. It can be compared with that meaning. Based on the difference between the setpoint and the process value, the controller creates an output signal change if the actual value does not meet the setpoint, and if the process value fits or is different from the setpoint. This signal then starts to correct the actual value to match the setpoint by initiating some sort of response. Commonly, the control algorithm changes the value of the variable power assigned to the log.

The control measures which have been taken depend on the type of controller. For example, if the controller was an ON / OFF control the controller decides whether the output should be turned on, off, or left in the current state.


Some of the easiest test forms to perform are power ON / OFF. That works by forming a hysteresis band. For example, a temperature regulation system may be mounted to measure inside the temperature of the room. If the setpoint is 68 ° and the real temperature drops to 67 °, the error signal will display-1 ° discrepancy. The controller would then send a signal to elevate the applied heat to a 68 degree setpoint. When the temperature reaches 68 ° the heater turns off. The system won’t operate at a temperature between 68 ° and 67 ° so the radiator must stay accessible. The boiler, though, restarts before the temperature reaches 67 °.

PID control defines the precision performance of the target temperature in relation to the ON / OFF power. The output ranges from 0 to 100 percent. The output drive is proportionate to the total power factor and uses an analog method of control. Therefore, if the output is a binary output such as a relay, the SSR motor, or a triac, the output must be time-based to produce an analog image.

Performance Value

To suit the performance value a time-based device requires a loop length. If the loop’s determining length is 8 seconds, the result will be 4 seconds and 4 seconds off because the system requires output of 50 per cent. The time factors wouldn’t shift before the power factor increases. The power is transmitted by the controlled value at 50 per cent over time, half and half. If the production power was 25 percent so the display would be on for 2 seconds during the same 8 second period time and off for 6 seconds.

At the same time, as the controller will respond more quickly and adjust the production status for flow adjustments, it is preferable that cycle time be lacking. It is necessary to reduce the life of a relay and not less than eight seconds regardless of the design of a relay. For solid state switching devices such as an SSR driver or Triac, speedier loading times are better. Longer switching times permit further process value oscillation, irrespective of the type of output. The general rule is that a longer cycle time is needed by utilizing a relay source, if the system needs.