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Steel is an extremely strong element that comes in a variety of grades and chemical compositions. With the variety of steel characteristics and alloys available, it may come as a surprise to learn that all steel, even CNC machining steel, is made up of only two elements: iron and carbon.

When more carbon and alloying elements are introduced, however, the actual difference emerges. Steel’s endurance and strength are influenced by the additional elements incorporated during its manufacture, and this is what categorizes it for certain purposes.

All You Need To Know About Alloys, Part 2 | Wasatch Steel

Steel is made of carbon.

Carbon steel has a drab, matte appearance and is considered to be corrosive. This one is divided into three subtypes: low, medium, and high carbon steel, with low carbon steel having about.30 percent, medium.60 percent, and a high 1.5 percent. The term derives from the fact that they only have a small quantity of other alloying elements in them. They are extremely robust, which is why knives, high-tension cables, automobile parts, and other such products are frequently made from them.

Metal alloy.

The next type of steel is alloy steel, which is made up of a variety of metals such as nickel, copper, and aluminum. These are preferred for various automotive components, pipelines, ship hulls, and mechanical projects since they are less expensive and more corrosion resistant. The strength of this one is determined by the concentration of the components it contains.

The steel is used for tooling.

Tool steel is known for its hardness and resistance to heat and abrasion. The term comes from the fact that they are frequently employed in the manufacture of metal tools such as hammers. These are made up of elements like cobalt, molybdenum, and tungsten, and this is the fundamental cause for tool steel’s superior heat resistance and endurance.

Stainless steel is the material of choice.

Stainless steels, last but not least, are arguably the most well-known kind on the market. This kind is gleaming and has a chromium content of 10 to 20%, which is the major alloying element. This combination permits the steel to be corrosion resistant and readily molded into a variety of forms. Stainless steel may be found in medical equipment, household applications, cutlery, and even as external cladding for commercial/industrial structures due to its ease of manipulation, flexibility, and quality.


With over 3,500 distinct steel grades, the possibilities for what it can achieve are virtually limitless. From manufacturing to fabrications to CNC machining steel, each kind has a unique position and set of features to meet almost every requirement.

Finally, the various steel characteristics result from the use of various steel alloys, which are divided into the four categories that we see today. 

If you’re thinking about buying building materials in Malaysia, take the time to figure out what characteristics you’ll need and what grade you’ll need to get the job done. You’ll thank yourself later if you do this now rather than later finding out you chose the wrong one.